Evaluation of cytotoxicity attributed to thimerosal on murine and human kidney cells.
Department of Entomology and Cancer Research Center, University of California, Davis, California, USA.
Renal inner medullary collecting duct cells (mIMCD3) and human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293) were used for cytoscreening of thimerosal and mercury chloride (HgCl(2)). Thimerosal and HgCl(2) acted in a concentration-dependent manner. In mIMCD3 cells the 24-h LC(50) values for thimerosal, thiosalicylic acid, 2,2-dithiosalicylic acid, and 2-sulfobenzoic acid were 2.9, 2200, >1000, and >10,000 muM, respectively. The 24-h LC(50) value for HgCl(2) in mIMCD3 cells was 40 muM. In HEK293 cells, the 24-h LC(50) value for thimerosal was 9.5 muM. These data demonstrate that the higher cytotoxicity produced by thimerosal on renal cells with respect to similar compounds without Hg may be related to this metal content. The present study also establishes mIMCD3 cells as a valuable model for evaluation of cytotoxicity of nephrotoxic compounds.
PMID: 18049999 [PubMed - in process]