A Review of the Mechanism of Injury and Treatment Approaches for Illness Resulting from Exposure to Water-Damaged Buildings, Mold, and Mycotoxins
Environmental Medicine, 304W. Los Olivos Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93105, USA
Correspondence should be addressed to Janette Hope; firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 15 January 2013; Accepted 10 February 2013
mold, and mycotoxins. In addition to avoidance of further exposure to these environments and to items contaminated by
these environments, a number of approaches have been used to help persons affected by exposure to restore their health.
Illness results from a combination of factors present in water-damaged indoor environments including, mold spores and hyphal
fragments, mycotoxins, bacteria, bacterial endotoxins, and cell wall components as well as other factors. Mechanisms of illness
include inflammation, oxidative stress, toxicity, infection, allergy, and irritant effects of exposure.This paper reviews the scientific
literature as it relates to commonly used treatments such as glutathione, antioxidants, antifungals, and sequestering agents such as Cholestyramine, charcoal, clay and chlorella, antioxidants, probiotics, and induced sweating.